You must have observed that whenever you enter a URL in the address bar of Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, it redirects you to the website after a few milliseconds of interval.
Ever wondered where is the website data coming from? How does the computer understand what data need to show?
You will get answers to the above questions in this blog.
This article is useful to all the people who are planning to create their website. The website that you make can be used for blogging, commercial, or educational purposes. This blog will give you a brief about what is Hosting and Domain. It will help you in choosing the right service provider and an apt domain for your website.
Let’s get started now.
What is a domain?
We all have a name to distinguish us. Our friends identify us with our names. The same is needed for any website.
The computer can understand the name of a website as a series of numbers called IP addresses. But is it be possible for us to remember them in this way?
Say, for example, the IP address of Amazon.com is 184.108.40.206. Please think of the situation when we would have to enter 220.127.116.11 every time you wanted to go shopping on Amazon. Would it be fun?
I guess it won’t be fun for most people.
That’s why the concept of the domain was created.
The domain is a string representation given to each of these IP address of any website. Like, Say for IP Address 18.104.22.168 will be referred to as www.amazaon.com. Isn’t it much easier to remember now?
So with domains, you can enter a text in the address bar and go to your favorite website for shopping, reading, and anything else you need to do.
Now let us understand what the Top-Level Domain and Second-Level Domain are.
Let us continue with the same example to understand this.
Here, amazon is the Second-Level Domain(SLD), and .com is the Top-Level Domain(TLD).
In simple words, the Second-Level Domain is the name of the website that you create. It could be anything like a chargingstation,komalberia, etc.
The second-Level domain has to be unique and should easily connect with your visitors.
And Top-Level Domain is like .com,.co.in,.in, and so many others.
When we create a website, we find out that our Second Level domain has already taken. Then we can try the same by using a different TLD. It might work, and we can then register with the Domain Registrar.
Like, if someone has already taken komalberia.com, So instead of changing my SLD, I can try searching for komalberia.in.
Isn’t that cool?
However, I would suggest that if you are a beginner, you prefer taking TLD as .com as it has more popularity than other TLDs.
You can visit Lean Domain to get ideas for your website name.
If you have decided on your domain, you can register at Hostinger.com, or Name.com, or Namecheap.com.
I have used Hostinger to register my domain; it is the most reliable and affordable service provider for managing my blogs.
What is hosting?
To understand what hosting is, let me take a simple example.
Do you have a house to live in? Most of you would answer a “Yes.” Few might be staying in a rented house, while few might be owning it.
We store a lot of things in our house.
Now imagine where a website owner would store its website data?
If it needs to create its own house, then it needs to have a dedicated laptop. It should have a 24X7 high-speed internet connection. It should also have large space available to store its website data. Moreover, it would need an administrator to manage the traffic to its website and take care of the infrastructure.
Don’t you feel it would be difficult and expensive for an individual to do so?
It is where hosting comes into the picture.
Hosting is a house for these websites where it stores all its data. The data that you store on the hosting server can be images, user data, videos, and much more.
A hosting service provider is an organization that offers space and connectivity for the website. The hosting company helps us publish our website on the internet and make it available to our readers.
These hosting companies make the job easier for you. Most of the hosting companies make website designing easy even for a non-technical person.
Different types of hosting
In this hosting, a single server hosts several websites. As a result, limited resources are given to each website. But it is ideal for personal websites and small businesses.
Shared hosting is the cheapest service available.
In this hosting, several websites are still hosted on one shared server. But each website will have its own dedicated space on the server. It prevents websites from interfering with each other.
In this hosting type, every website is hosted on a virtual server meant only for that website. As a result of this, each website has its resources and IP address. It gives the website owner control over the back-end of the website.
Cloud hosting is the most expensive type of hosting available.
If you are a non-technical person, then you should go for Shared Hosting. Otherwise, you can go for VPS or cloud hosting if you are interested in managing the servers yourself.
I can suggest that if you want a good reliable hosting service provider at a reasonable price, go for Hostinger. Even I am hosting my website using Hostinger.
Hostinger provides Free Word Press installation, Free SSL certificate, faster loading, excellent server uptime. And all this at a price no one can beat.
What is DNS Server?
Like we have a yellow page directory to search for the contact details of any person. The same is with the DNS Server.
We have a DNS server that will contain a mapping of your website to the hosting company. In simple words, the DNS server will tell you, what is the location of your website resources.
How do Domain and Hosting works as a team?
Now the journey begins at the point any visitor enters the website address on their browser.
Now suppose I enter https://komalberia.com in the browser.
- The DNS server receives this information from the laptop.
- The DNS server cannot understand the string of characters. So it will then connect with the Domain Registrar. In my case, with Hostinger. After this, the Domain Registrar will send the IP address of my domain to the DNS server.
- Then the DNS server will find out where my website is located. And it will send a request for website data to my hosting company, i.e., again, it is Hostinger in my case.
As my domain registrar and hosting company is the same, i.e., Hostinger will take less time to load the website on the visitor’s laptop.
It increases the response time of my website.
I hope I can clear a few fundamental understandings regarding hosting and domain for a website. I hope to hear back from you in the comments section.
You should also read some basics of Digital Marketing by Kushal Kulkarni.
Also, read the article to understand this article to understand the difference between traditional and digital marketing.
You will find it interesting to read the Best 5 Web hosting service providers by Vaishu Kedlaya.
Read more about how to build a website for beginners here.
Learn more about different online business opportunities by Tarun Patnaik